Investing In Private Investigators
A private investigator, or private investigation agent, is someone who can be employed by individuals, companies or NGOs to undertake investigative duties. Private investigators can also work for lawyers in criminal and civil cases. They may follow leads generated by businessmen, celebrities, politicians or ordinary people. Private investigators specialize in several areas including corporate security, intellectual property, business intelligence, background checks, corporate identity, compliance, data security and healthcare fraud.
There are several different types of private investigators and some specialise in particular areas. Private investigators may be forensic experts who investigate crimes such as murder, suicide, insurance frauds, theft or financial crimes. In order to become a forensic expert, one needs to undergo training that helps prepare them to carry out complex investigative tasks. There are also consultants who provide consulting services to firms and businesses on a fee-based basis. Some private investigators specialise in computer forensics, cell phone forensics, intellectual property related matters and white collar crime.
Private investigation has come into use in the country’s society since the latter part of the twentieth century. It has been used for many years to gather evidence for litigation and investigations. This has given rise to private investigators and the associated systems of law enforcement. Private investigation is an integral part of the American justice system as evident by the fact that the Internal Revenue Service and the Department of Justice to maintain private investigative units to pursue cases, detect crimes and conduct sting operations.
There are various instances in which private investigators are used in criminal activity. The most common cases in which they are used involve missing persons and the investigation of serial killers. One of the most prominent American case that Private Investigators India is used in is the disappearance and murder of thirteen little girls in Gorham, New York in 1979. This case made Private Investigators India famous as well as a favorite topic of humor in the US comedy sitcom ‘Seinfeld’. Private Investigators India are also known to take the help of drifter and bounty hunters in locating missing persons or bodies.
Another common scenario in which the services of private investigators may be required is the collection of evidence in the course of a personal injury litigation. In this context, the private investigator may have to travel to the location of the accident scene, collect samples and other relevant data from witnesses and the injured party, and take photographs and test the soil. A private investigator may also need to collect medical records from the emergency hospital and take medical test results and obtain expert witness testimony to support his claim. Evidence collection from the scene of an accident is very time-consuming and it is not always possible to analyse collected evidence on site. Evidence analysis requires expertise and experience.
Private investigators also play a vital role in the detection and prosecution of cases of wrongful death. They follow up on the remains of victims and their relatives following death, to obtain vital evidence such as autopsies, to match the time and manner of death with the victim. They also serve as advocates for families seeking compensation for the loss of a loved one. Wrongful death litigation is one of the most sensitive areas of criminal law practice. Private investigators who specialize in this area of investigation to ensure that the investigation is thorough and complete and use their skills and resources to gather strong evidence and present it in court as per the wishes of the client.
There are two main differences between the various types of investigations Private Investigators may engage in: investigation and prosecution. Private investigators conduct investigations without the consent of either party to the investigation. Therefore, the party conducting the investigation has no legal responsibility or stake in the outcome of the investigation. Similarly, the prosecutor has a duty to provide proof in court that the private investigator has conducted a legally authorized investigation. Conducting an investigation without consent requires authorization from the client.
Before engaging private investigators, make sure you understand the laws, and the reporting limitations, in your state. You must be careful to only hire experienced and reputable investigators. Hire only one private investigator to investigate a number of potential cases, if you have an unusual case, such as murder, keep records of all investigations, file reports thoroughly, and follow up on any results.